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From Lime to Firebrick... Working in borrowed quarters in Ottawa, scientists at the fledgling National Research Council discover how to make firebrick from lime containing magnesia. The process launches the world's first firebrick plant in Canada and the beginning of a global industry.
Look Out Below... The first experimental aerial survey is taken over Ottawa. Building on WW1 military techniques to compile aerial maps of trenches in France and Flanders, Canadian researchers pioneer the use of fixed-wing aircraft to improve forest fire protection and, a decade later, to survey and inventory Canada's forests by air.
Banting's Breakthrough... Led by Frederick Banting, a University of Toronto research team discovers a treatment for diabetes after isolating insulin from the pancreas of fetal calves. It is the first of Banting's pioneering medical accomplishments that include wartime research with Canadian scientists on combat-related medicine involving wound infections, shock, penicillin, a typhus vaccine, blood substitutes and plastic surgery.
Tickled Pink... Scientists use heat and the addition of a chemical to a pickling solution to keep canned lobster meat from discolouring. The discovery, made with about $3,000 in federal grants, increases the value of lobster by $4 a case and in later years saves the seafood industry at least $75,000 a year.
Good Enough to Eat... Canadian experts develop wheat varieties that resist rust, a disease that frequently threatened to wipe out entire crops. By the late 1930s, the new strain saves Canadian wheat farmers an average of $25 million a year in losses.
Frozen Fillets... The world's first successful process for freezing fish is developed by Dr. Archibald Huntsman at the Atlantic branch of the Fisheries Research Board. Huntsman is the first North American to freeze food commercially and the first to market frozen fish.